How to Add Months to a Date in JavaScript

1. Date getMonth() and setMonth() methods

To add months to a Date in JavaScript:

  1. Call the getMonth() to get the number of months.
  2. Add the new months.
  3. Pass the sum to the setMonth() method.

For example:

function addMonths(date, months) {
  date.setMonth(date.getMonth() + months);

  return date;

// May 17, 2022
const date = new Date('2022-05-17T00:00:00.000Z');

const newDate = addMonths(date, 4);

// September 17, 2022
console.log(newDate); // 2022-09-17T00:00:00.000Z

Our addMonths() takes a Date object and the number of months to add as arguments. It returns the same Date object with the newly added months.

The Date getMonth() returns a zero-based number that represents the month of a particular date.

The Date setMonth() method sets the months of a date to a specified zero-based number.

Note: “Zero-based” here means that 0 is January, 1 is February, 2 is March, etc.

If the months added would increase the year of the Date, setMonth() will automatically update the information in the Date object to reflect this.

// November 12, 2022
const date = new Date('2022-11-12T00:00:00.000Z');

date.setMonth(date.getMonth() + 3);

// February 12, 2023
console.log(date); // 2023-02-12T00:00:00.000Z

Here we added 3 months to a date in November 2022. This makes setMonth() automatically update the year to 2023.

Avoid side effects

The setMonth() method mutates the Date object it is called on. This introduces a side effect in our addMonths() function. To avoid modifying the passed Date and create a pure function, make a copy of the Date and call setMonth() on this copy, instead of the original.

function addMonths(date, months) {
  // 👇 Make copy with "Date()" constructor
  const dateCopy = new Date(date);

  dateCopy.setMonth(dateCopy.getMonth() + months);

  return dateCopy;

// August 16, 2022
const date = new Date('2022-08-16T00:00:00.000Z');

const newDate = addMonths(date, 3);

// November 16, 2022
console.log(newDate); // 2022-11-16T00:00:00.000Z

// 👇 Original not modified
console.log(date); // 2022-08-16T00:00:00.000Z

Tip: Functions that don’t modify external state (i.e., pure functions) tend to be more predictable and easier to reason about, as they always give the same output for a particular input. This makes it a good practice to limit the number of side effects in your code.

2. date-fns addMonths() function

Alternatively, we can use the addMonths() function from the date-fns library to quickly add months to a Date. It works like our pure addMonths() function.

import { addMonths } from 'date-fns';

// July 14, 2022
const date = new Date('2022-07-14T00:00:00.000Z');

const newDate = addMonths(date, 1);

// August 14, 2022
console.log(newDate); // 2022-08-14T00:00:00.000Z

// Original not modified
console.log(date); // 2022-07-14T00:00:00.000Z

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