How to Capitalize the First Letter of Each Word in React

To capitalize the first letter of each word in a string in React:

  1. Split the string into an array of words with .split('').
  2. Iterate over the words array with .map().
  3. For each word, return a new word that is an uppercase form of the word’s first letter added to the rest of the word, i.e., word.charAt(0).toUpperCase() + word.slice(1).
  4. Join the words array into a string with .join(' ').

For example:

export default function App() { const capitalizeWords = (str) => { return str .toLowerCase() .split(' ') .map((word) => word.charAt(0).toUpperCase() + word.slice(1)) .join(' '); }; const str1 = 'coding BEAUTY'; const str2 = 'LEARNING javascript'; return ( <div> <b>{str1}</b> <br /> Capitalized: <b>{capitalizeWords(str1)}</b> <br /> <br /> <b>{str2}</b> <br /> Capitalized: <b>{capitalizeWords(str2)}</b> </div> ); }
Strings, along with the result of capitalizing the first letter of each of their words.
Strings, along with the result of capitalizing the first letter of each of their words.

The capitalizedWords() function takes a string and returns a new string with all the words capitalized.

First, we use the toLowerCase() method to lowercase the entire string, ensuring that only the first letter of each word is uppercase.

// coding beauty console.log('coding BEAUTY'.toLowerCase());

Tip: If it’s not necessary for the remaining letters in each word to be lowercase, you can remove the call to the toLowerCase() method.

Then we call the String split() method on the string to split all the words into an array.

// [ 'welcome', 'to', 'coding', 'beauty' ] console.log('welcome to coding beauty'.split(' '));

After creating the array of words, we call the map() method on it, with a callback function as an argument. This function is called by map() and returns a result for each word in the array.

In the function, we get the word’s first character with charAt(), convert it to uppercase with toUpperCase(), and concatenate it with the rest of the string.

We use the String slice() method to get the remaining part of the string. Passing 1 to slice() makes it return the portion of the string from the second character to the end.

Note: String (and array) indexing is zero-based JavaScript, so the first character in a string is at index 0, the second at 1, and the last at str.length-1

Lastly, we concatenate the words into a single string, with the Array join() method

Passing a space (' ') to join() separates the words by a space in the resulting string.

// Welcome To Coding Beauty console.log(['Welcome', 'To', 'Coding', 'Beauty'].join(' '));

After creating the capitalizeWords() function, we call it as the component is rendered by wrapping it in curly braces ({ }) in our JSX code.

return ( <div> <b>{str1}</b> <br /> Capitalized: <b>{capitalizeWords(str1)}</b> <br /> <br /> <b>{str2}</b> <br /> Capitalized: <b>{capitalizeWords(str2)}</b> </div> );

The function is invoked and its result is rendered at the point where the curly braces are located.

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